Brazil is a vast country in South America, which extends from the Amazon Basin in the north to the vineyards and the enormous Iguazu Falls in the south. Bordering the Atlantic Ocean in the east, giving the country a coastline of 7491 km. With an estimated area of more than 8.5 million km², it is the fifth-largest country in the world, with a total area covering 47% of the South American territory.
For its territorial extension, Brazil is very diverse in terms of geographical vision, its relief, its ecosystems, climate, and its natural aspects. Although it has a varied extension of paradisiacal beaches, the Amazon rainforest, its greatest diversity can be appreciated in the socio-cultural aspect, in other words, in the people and their way of life; that occupies the spaces of Brazil ranging from overpopulated and modern cities, such as Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, to the most distant villages and small towns far from the main metropolis.
The diverse climate conditions create different environments, from tropical rainforest in the north and semi-arid regions in the northeast to the temperate coniferous forest in the south, and the tropical savannas in the center. Several other regions have different microclimates. An equatorial climate prevails in much of northern Brazil. There is no dry season as such, although there are some variations in the amount of rainfall between each period of the year. The average temperature is 25 °C, which has a greater variation between day and night than between seasons.
As an interesting fact, it is worth mentioning that the name of this great South American country comes from a reddish-colored tree that is very abundant on the coasts of South America. When the Portuguese explorers saw it, they called it palo-brasil because it resembled an ember, due to its fiery reddish hue. From this tree species, a dye product was obtained that was eventually exported on a large scale, which boosted the economy of the area. Given its importance, the country was finally called Brazil.